Originally, Australia had 250 different indigenous languages. Now, it has changed. What would you think if you had to learn another language at school for more than half of the day? I know that I would not understand what was going on. But in the outback, life is very different to what we are used to in Victoria.
They used to be taught in their native language (Warlpiri) and then it was translated to English. That would have been easier but then the Government decided to change it. Now, the children have to learn English for four hours a day and then at the end of the day they have only one hour of their native language! They live in Lajamanu which is about 900 kilometres from Darwin. Lajamanu is pretty isolated. Only about 800 people live in Lajamanu.
For the last 30 years, they learned two languages which is called “bilingual education”. They would learn their language and then the English translation would be introduced. But recently, the Government decided to change it. They made it essential for all the schools to learn English for the first four hours of the day and then one hour of their native language. Some of the Aboriginal elders and teachers were not happy. Why, because they worry that the children will not develop enough in their native language.
The Government say they haven’t banned the indigenous languages. They just want the children to have the same reading and writing skills in English as everyone else. For now, all the indigenous children will be learning under the new system.
Every year on November 11th, every Australian stops at eleven o’clock for one minute to remember what the people at war did for all of us. We remember how lucky we are to be here today with everything we have achieved. We think about how the soldiers felt and wonder if they were scared to be fighting at war. On November 11th, we remember.
Remembrance Day has been around for ninety one years. During the war, animals acted as team mascots and were used to comfort soldiers. Pigeons were used as messangers. They were sent with a little silver tube attached to their legs with the message inside. Then they were sent to another soldier with the message. This saved a lot of lives. Dogs helped the soldiers by comforting them and sniffing out enemies and explosives. They also could here when someone was coming. Glow worms were used to see maps in the nighttime.
There is a medal called the Dicken Medal Award for Animal Bravery. It is like the Victorian Cross only for animals. The was a cat called Simon who earned the medal once. Once when he was on a ship, it was attacked during a war in China and Simon caught rats to keep the crews food untouched. Today, some animals are still serving in Afghanistan.
I think that animals were helpful and conforting to the soldiers at war. So tomorrow, take the time to remember the soldiers and animals who fought for us at war.
Lest We Forget
Uluru, Ayres Rock; to most people this is just a big rock in the middle of nowhere but to some it is more than just a rock. Uluru is located in the Northern Territory, the very centre of Australia. It is great fun but it is also dangerous to climb. The Australian Government is debating about whether climbing it should be banned or not. To the Aborigines (indigenous people), this is spiritual land and has been significant since the Dreamtime.
Aborigines find this rock very important in a spiritual and cultural sense and say that there are special dreamtime stories involving Uluru. They say that Uluru is too spiritual to climb and this belief is now being considered by the government. They also think that it is too dangerous to climb because 32 people have died. Indigenous people have lived around the area for centuries.
Not everyone likes to climb Uluru because of the number of deaths. Only the bravest people choose to climb Uluru. Recently, a report considered that climbing Uluru would be banned. Not everyone likes this idea but some think that it is a great idea. The government will decide if it will be closed to climbers or not. My opinion is that it should stay open to climbers because
1) A lot of people want to climb Uluru.
2) If you are careful and proceed cautiously, it is not dangerous.
3) If you don’t like the idea of climbing Uluru, then you don’t have to climb it!
4) Many people gain an even better spiritual understanding of the land after climbing the monolith.
Lots of tourists come to Australia and want to climb Uluru. If it is banned, all they can do is take a faraway photo of the rock. Climbing Uluru shouldn’t be banned but people definitely need to think before they climb. Of course, they must also be very respectful of the rock and its importance to the indigenous people.
I think the final decision should be up to the government and the Aborigines. After all, it is their land.
By Michaela M 6C
With jobs moving all around the world, in the last month 47 000 jobs were lost leaving people confused in how they can keep their family going. Leaving people without jobs is a big deal because it leaves the unemployed lost in life. People who are at home without a job are not always unemployed. If these certain people aren’t looking for a job then they are in labour force.
The government goes around once a month to survey different houses about unemployment. They have found out more information by recently because of he recent 47 000 job losses. The survey about 10 000 – 25 000 homes anywhere in the country. The government find out how many people they survey are unemployed. This gives them an idea of what they are dealing with.
In other countries, people are sometimes left out on the street because the cannot cope with their life. They don’t get to eat anything because they cannot pay for it and eventually they will probably die in the cold and harsh surroundings. If Australians cannot earn money then other businesses will not earn money because they have no customers. This means then maybe everyone will lose their jobs because of the lack of money and then most Australians will be unemployed.
But, for Australians the government have provided a place called Centrelink. This provides loans for unemployed people who are looking for jobs. Until these people earn enough money, they can borrow money and live life how they wish to spend it. This way, all companies start to earn money again and then hopefully everyone will be back to normal with a job they love.
There are those Australians believe that we should fight and stay when a bushfire is around, some say leave early. The Black Saturday fires were a tragedy to all. These terrifying fires killed around 210 people!! This was because the families chose to stay and fight. If they hadn’t stayed then maybe not as many people would have been killed.
Australians had the choice to either stay and fight or they could leave the area earlier. Because they had this choice, the death toll went up for the number of people who chose to stay and fight. This caused even more upsets because people lost family and friends. If everyone had of left early, then maybe it would only be houses lost, not lives. Would you rather lose family, friends and all your property or just your property? I know what I would choose. If you have some treasured possessions in your household and have got a family, then you should leave early. If you leave a few days before the bushfire then maybe you would be able to take everything you need.
Personally I think that Australia should leave the area if a bushfire is reported to burn in your region. I think that citizens of Australia should prepare a fire plan and know exactly what to do when a fire occurs. This way not as many people would die.
However hard you try to have your house ‘fire free’, you will rarely be able to save your house. My family have a plan to leave before the fire is in the area. If you leave to late then you may die anyway because of all the smoke and heat. You may crash into other cars and kill yourself.
So what if you had the choice? What would you do? I would leave because I would rather lose my house then lose my house and family.
By Michaela M
There have been an increase in drowning deaths in Australia recently. More people have needed to be rescued and even more have died. Some people have a greater knowledge of rips but others know little about them. It is safer to go out to the beach with a greater knowledge of what to do when there is a rip.
There have been around fifty thousand rescues for victims of rips. Not every rescue has been successful, but some have been. Lifeguards have been really helpful rescuing the people but they cannot save everyone.
If you are able to identify a rip, you should be safe. They are patches of calm water and they can carry you out 200 metres! A rip occurs because the waves break and then the water is pushed towards he beach and the water piles up on the shoe. As it goes back out to sea it rushes back along thin channels of water. (rips)
Never swim against a rip; they flow too fast. It doesn’t matter as much if you get carried out, it is if you try to swim against the rip you will get really tired. You will need someone to come and save you so you don’t get more exhausted.
At some beaches, there aren’t as many lifeguards so they cannot rescue everyone at the same time. At most beaches there aren’t any lifeguards, particularly during the week or winter. I think lifeguards do a really good job to rescue so many people.
By Michaela M
Palm oil, or as we know it, vegetable oil, is made from special trees but living in those trees are the cute and cuddly orangutans. Workers chop down the trees to plant palm oil plantations but mostly orangutans lives are lost.
Over millions of hectares have been destroyed. Imagine how many orangutans have lost lives and homes. In Borneo the orangutans have become endangered. Palm oil is used for shampoos, cosmetics, cooking and biscuits.
If workers are banned from doing this, then hundreds of people will lose their jobs. In Borneo, many workers cut down trees for money; that is their job. Workers would have no other way to earn money because they would all lose their jobs.
In the day time orangutans attend a day care centre and volunteers will help with the animals. Many baby orangutans have lost their mums because of all the trees being destroyed. If humans aren’t careful, orangutans will become extinct.
By Michaela 6C
About a month ago on a Tasmanian beach, a thirteen year old girl called Hannah was surfing with her cousin Syb. A Great White Shark came up and pulled her into the water. The shark took a huge chunk out of her surfboard. The surfboard is a reminder to Hannah that she is lucky to be alive. She had to have 200 stitches up her leg.
Some people think that we should cull sharks because there have been an increase in shark attacks. There were two other shark attacks before this one. One was at Bondi Beach and the other at Sydney Harbour. At fish and chip shops the main fish is shark so maybe it’s revenge.
But some people think this may not be a good idea because sharks are just trying to stay alive eating things and they think that we are invading their territory. It isn’t their fault is what most people think.
Hannah says when she is well again she will continue to surf and she hopes that the shark will stay alive.